From the name Corinth comes the ancient Greek verb korinthiazein, which means "to fornicate". I prove to you, therefore, in a manner that leaves no room for doubt that even those most nearly connected with this woman Neaera have given testimony against her, proving that she is an alien --Stephanus here, who now keeps the woman and lives with her, and Phrastor, who took her daughter to wife--Stephanus, since he refused to go on trial on behalf of this woman's daughter when he was indicted by Phrastor before the Thesmothetae on the charge that he had betrothed the daughter of an alien to him who was an Athenian, but had rather relinquished the claim to the marriage portion, and had not recovered it; The date can be fixed with fair accuracy.
The clerk has read you the law in accordance with which this fellow Stephanus was indicted by Phrastor before the Thesmothetae.
And that Neaera is an alien woman and is living as his wife with Stephanus contrary to the laws, I wish to make clear to you. Here, the speaker, co-prosecutor, and likely author is Apollodorus. Cast of Characters includes: This work, the Against Neaera, is a courtroom speech.
The arbitrators, after hearing both parties, brought about a reconciliation between them, and induced Epaenetus to contribute one thousand drachmae toward the marriage portion of Neaera's daughter.
It is believed that Stephanos also acted as a guardian against Phrynion. The same principle shall hold also if an alien women shall live as wife with an Athenian, and the Athenian who lives as husband with the alien woman so convicted shall be fined one thousand drachmae. He wrote thus, as if the achievement and the offering had been his own and not the common work of the allies; For this reason they set it up in the most ancient and most sacred sanctuary of Dionysus in Limnae, in order that few only might have knowledge of the inscription; for once only in each year is the sanctuary opened, on the twelfth day of the month Anthesterion.
But I hear that he is going to set up some such defence as this--that he is keeping her, not as a wife, but as a mistressand that the children are not hers, but were born to him by another woman, an Athenian and a relative of his, whom he will assert that he married at a earlier date.
The date can be fixed with fair accuracy. For up to the time when this woman was indicted and brought to trial, so that you all learned who she was and what acts of impiety she had committed, the crimes were her own, and the state was merely guilty of neglect; and some of you knew nothing of the matter, and others learning of it expressed their indignation in words but in fact had no means of dealing with her, seeing that nobody brought her to trial or gave an opportunity of casting a vote regarding her.
In the last few years, the trial and life of Neaira have become frequent topics of scrutiny. Where has this woman not prostituted herself.
Such an action meant that he wanted to make his right and power clear as a master of a slave. For from all this you will know that the people's gift which is reserved for benefactors is being dragged through the mire, and how great the privileges are which are being taken from your control by this fellow Stephanus and those who have married and begotten children in the manner followed by him.
Being cajoled, therefore, in his illness by the attentions of Neaera and her daughter The indictment of Neaira offers a key source to historians about Athenian social history and the history of women in Greece.
He brought a false charge against him that, having once gone to Aphidna in search of a runaway slave of his, he had there struck a woman, and that she had died of the blow; and he suborned some slaves and got them to give out that they were men of Cyrene, and by public proclamation cited Apollodorus before the court of the Palladium on a charge of murder.
And when Pausanias, the king of the Lacedaemonians, sought to put an insult upon you, and was not content that the Lacedaemonians had been honoured by the Greeks with the supreme command, and when your city, which in reality had been the leader in securing liberty for the Greeks, forbore to strive with the Lacedaemonians as rivals for the honour through fear of arousing jealousy among the allies; To prove that my statements are true, I will call before you as witness to these facts Phrastor himself, and will compel him to give testimony as the law commands.
Peitholas the Thessalian, and Apollonides the Olynthian, after having been made citizens by the people, were deprived of the gift by the court.
I therefore, men of the jury, as an avenger of the gods against whom these people have committed sacrilege, and as an avenger of myself, have brought them to trial and submitted them to be judged by you. the same as the one whom Apollodorus (in Oration XLV) had previously charged with giving false testimony, for if that had been the case, the speaker would certainly in that suit have made use of the facts brought forward in this oration.
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This work, the Against Neaera, is a courtroom speech. In classical Athens, nearly all legal prosecutions (criminal and otherwise) were handled by private individuals.
In classical Athens, nearly all legal prosecutions (criminal and otherwise) were handled by private individuals.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive. Against Neaira -. Against Neaera was a prosecution speech delivered by Apollodoros of Acharnae against the freedwoman Neaera.
It was preserved as part of the Demosthenic corpus, though it is widely considered to be pseudo-Demosthenic, possibly written by Apollodoros himself.Demosthenes 59 against neaira